Nature and Wildlife in Uganda
Uganda, the “Pearl of Africa”, has ten National parks displaying the best of East African Wild Safaris. Their Rift Valley landscapes and tropical forests make dramatic backdrops to an extensive variety of flora and fauna.
The Parks offer ‘traditional’ Savannah Safaris along with boat tours, forest hikes and mountain climbing and wildlife research activities. Uganda is unrivaled on the continent as a bird watching destination with over 1,000 species of birds – several of which are found nowhere else on the planet. It is also home to 13 types of primates including over half of the world’s endangered mountain gorillas; and our closest relative – the chimpanzee.
Climate in Uganda
The Uganda’s equatorial climate is tempered by its elevated altitude.
In most parts of the country, the average maximum temperature is between 20°C and 28°C during the day, and the minimum between 12° C and 18° C. This makes the country a true nature and wildlife paradise, as it guarantees the best conditions for the thriving of both the flora and the fauna that are typical of the region.
Most of the parts in Uganda receive an annual rainfall between 1000 and 2000 mm (except in the drier north, where in some areas the average annual rainfall is as low as 100 mm), with a wide regional variation in rainfall patterns. The wet seasons are from September to October and April to May meaning the country offers all year round Safari opportunities as rains usually downpours for about an hour and shines again!
The African people have long known that gorillas lived in the forests as to the rest of the world, however, gorillas have been mysterious and largely unknown for centuries. All that changed in the early overtime.
In 1951, the American zoologist George Schaller was the first to study gorillas in the Virunga volcanoes. His pioneering work revealed for the first time the true nature of the gorilla to the world; a shy, gentle, peace-loving vegetarian. Schaller is the author of the book ‘The Mountain Gorilla: Ecology and Behavior’, published in 1963 followed by ‘The Year of the Gorilla’ in 1988.
In the later years Dr. Dian Fossey and her assistants achieved some amazing results in their studies. Fossey lived among the gorillas from 1963 until her death in 1985. She followed Schaller’s methods of research. Her book ‘Gorillas in the Mist’ was eventually turned into a movie. After she spent some time in Congo she moved to Rwanda , where she started the Karisoke Research Center. She lived there for almost 18 years among the gorillas. She was the first person ever to have voluntary contact with a gorilla, one of them even touching her hand. During her visits to the region of Kisoro, where she once defined as her “second home”.
Fossey was killed in 1985 and was buried on the Rwanda side of the Virungas among the 17 gorillas that had been killed by poachers during her studies. Today, her Gorilla Fund continues to prevent the ongoing threats. Fossey’s work has raised the world’s awareness to the dangers that the mountain gorillas face. These animals are now protected by the governments of Rwanda and Uganda and by other international organizations.
The Pearls of Africa
Uganda has much more to offer besides mountain gorillas!
The region’s national parks are home to an enormous variety of rare wild animals, such as antelopes, elephants, lions, leopards, buffaloes, zebras and many more. The many lakes and the river Nile are also home to hippos and crocodiles.
Uganda is a birding paradise . The region is home to more than 1000 species of birds, and on any of Maajabu safaris itinerary you may easily get to see more than 400 bird species.
Depending on your interests in wildlife and nature in the region Maajabu Safaris can organize any tour to satisfy your curiosity. See our Safari
tours for more information, or Plan and create your own Safari tour with us!